Text Of Wasiat Renungan Masa Pengalaman Baru: Barthes Semiotics Perspective

  • Bohri Rahman Indonesian Language and Literature Education, Qamarul Huda University
  • Farida Jaeka Indonesian Language and Literature Education, Qamarul Huda University
Keywords: Barthes;, Semiotics, Text of Wasiat Renungan Masa Pengalaman Baru


Roland Barthes continues Saussure's thinking by emphasizing the interaction between the text and the personal cultural experience of its users. The interaction is between the conventions in the text and what is experienced and expected by its users. Barthes emphasizes his theory on myths and certain cultural societies (rather than individuals). Barthes argues that all things that are considered natural in a society are the result of the connotation process. Roland Barthes' theory is used to analyze the text of "Wasiat Renungan Masa Pengalaman Baru". The results of the analysis show that the semiological map of Barthes in the text includes: First, there are signs in the form of a goddess, a coconut and a stone; it is interpreted denotatively, like the meaning of a word in a dictionary. Second, based on the denotative meaning, it will be seen the connotative meaning or the second meaning as mapped by Barthes. Dewi connotatively means that God sends great students in order to spread his teachings and can provide great benefits to society. Meanwhile, coconut can be interpreted as a fighter that survives in any conditions and environment. A coconut with a height of five thousand fathoms can symbolize the family lineage of the fighter, which is highly economy, knowledge, attitude, and social status. Third, Dewi can mean a myth, namely Dewi Anjani, the queen of Mount Rinjani. Furthermore, in the third level of meaning, the Goddess who sends coconuts to the kiai, will be interpreted that the goddess is Dewi Anjani. This has the potential to have a new meaning, for example when people hear about Mount Rinjani, what will be imagined is the myth of Dewi Anjani who controls and protects Mount Rinjani)


Cobley, Paul and Litza Jansz. 2002. Mengenal Semiotika for Beginners (translater: Ciptadi Sukono). Bandung: Mizan

Culler, Jonathan. 2002. Barthes, Seri Pengantar Singkat (translater Ruslani). Yogyakarta: Jendela.

Kurniawan. 2001. Semiologi Roland Barthes. Magelang: Indonesiatera.

Sudjiman, Panuti and Aart Van Zoest. 1996. Serba-Serbi Semiotika. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Sumawijaya, Bambang. 2008. Teori-teori Semiotika, Sebuah Pengantar. http://bambangsukmawijaya.wordpress.com/2008/02/19/teori-teori-semiotika-sebuah-pengantar/ (downloaded on September 22, 2012)

Sunardi, S. T. 2002. Semiotika Negativa. Yogyakarta: Kanal

Swandayani, Dian. 2005. Tokoh Cultural Studies Perancis: Roland Barthes. Papers presented in International Seminar Rumpun Sastra, Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni, UNY Yogyakarta, on 14—15 September 2005